Collaborative Research: Evaluating and Parameterizing Wind Stress over Ocean Surface Waves using Integrated High-Resolution Imaging and Numerical Simulations

Lead PI: Dr. Christopher J. Zappa , Kianoosh Yousefi, Marco Giometto

Unit Affiliation: Ocean and Climate Physics, Lamont-Doherty Earth Observatory (LDEO)

September 2023 - August 2026
Active
North America ; United States
Project Type: Research

DESCRIPTION: This project aims to develop fast, low-memory numerical methods that overcome the 1D barrier and solve the full radiative transfer equation, The methods include discontinuous Galerkin spectral element methods used for their low-memory properties, and hp-adaptive mesh refinement (hp-AMR) to handle steep gradients that arise in medical imaging or from clouds in the atmosphere. In addition to solving the radiative transfer equation for a given atmospheric state (i.e., solving the forward problem), the inverse problem will also be solved, where measurements of the radiation are used to infer the state of the atmosphere. The inverse problem has important applications in medical imaging, remote sensing and data assimilation for weather forecasting. A goal-oriented version of hp-adaptivity will be used to overcome some of the unique challenges that arise for the inverse problem. Finally, machine-learning-based emulators will be trained using synthetic data that is made possible by the methods above. To better understand 3D radiative effects in atmospheric science, data will be analyzed from cloud scenes from observations and/or large eddy simulations.

SPONSOR:

National Science Foundation

FUNDED AMOUNT:

$652,118

EXTERNAL COLLABORATORS:

UT Dallas

WEBSITE:

https://www.nsf.gov/awardsearch/showAward?AWD_ID=2319536