Unit Affiliation: Ocean and Climate Physics, Lamont-Doherty Earth Observatory (LDEO)
Antarctic polynyas are the ice free zones often persisting in continental sea ice. Characterization of the lower atmosphere properties, air-sea surface heat fluxes and corresponding ocean depth profiles of Antarctic polynyas, especially during strong wind events, is needed for a more detailed understanding of the role of polynya in the production of latent-heat type sea ice and the formation, through brine rejection, of dense ocean bottom waters.
Broader impacts: A key technological innovation, the use of instrumented uninhabited aircraft systems (UAS), will be employed to enable the persistent and safe observation of the interaction of light and strong katabatic wind fields with the Terra Nova Bay (Victoria Land, Antarctica) polynya waters during late winter and early summer time frames. The use of UAS observational platforms on the continent to date has to date been modest, but demonstration of their versatility and effectiveness in surveying and observing mode is a welcome development. The projects use of UAS platforms by University of Colorado and LDEO (Columbia) researchers is both high risk, and potentially transformative for the systematic data measurement tasks that many Antarctic science applications increasingly require.
OUTCOMES: Found that sensible heat fluxes ranged from -45 to 608W/m2 and latent heat fluxes from 19 to 137W/m2 and changes in these fluxes are well correlated with changes in the surface state. Found that AMPS predicts 40% of cyclones in the western Ross Sea region, predicts the absence of cyclones 70% of the time, the majority of cycles are mesoscale, and that these estimates are more accurate in the eastern part of the domain.
A 175m Long Sediment Core from Lake Traimeno
A Lagrangian Approach to Emerging Dynamics in the Marginal Ice Zone
A Study of Atmospheric Dust in the WAIS Divide Ice Core Based on Sr-Nd-Pb-He Isotopes
A Time Series of Sea Surface Nitrate and Nitrate Based New Production in the Global Oceans