Collaborative Research: P2C2 Cool and Warm Season Moisture Reconstruction and Modeling over North America

Lead PI: Dr. Edward R. Cook

Unit Affiliation: Biology and Paleo Environment, Lamont-Doherty Earth Observatory (LDEO)

September 2013 - August 2017
Inactive
North America
Project Type: Research

DESCRIPTION: The network of nearly 2,000 North American tree-ring chronologies is an outstanding high-resolution paleoclimate data set and has been used to reconstruct the long-term soil moisture balance across the continent. However, these existing reconstructions represent an average of the differing seasonal climate signals encoded in the annual ring width chronologies and do not provide discrete reconstructions of winter and summer conditions. The precise seasonality of ancient droughts and wet periods needs to be specified to provide the most realistic reconstructions of past climate and the most useful constraints for climate model simulations. Many North American tree-ring chronologies encode distinct seasonal climate signals that can be used for the separate reconstruction of cool and warm season moisture amounts over large sectors of the continent. The research will use hundreds of new and existing tree-ring chronologies to reconstruct both cool and warm season moisture levels across much of tropical, subtropical, and temperate North America. The seasonal reconstructions will be developed on a 0.5° grid for every year during two fixed time periods: AD 1500-present and AD 1000-present. They will be based on existing chronologies, re-measurements of existing tree-ring collections to derive seasonally explicit earlywood and latewood width chronologies, and selective field collections of new chronologies.

SPONSOR:

National Science Foundation (NSF)

FUNDED AMOUNT:

$347,048

WEBSITE:

https://www.nsf.gov/awardsearch/showAward?AWD_ID=1301587&HistoricalAwards=false

PUBLICATIONS:

Stahle, DW, ER Cook, DJ Burnette, J. Villanueva, J. Cerano, RD Griffin, BI Cook, R Acuna, P Szejner, IM Howard. "The Mexican Drought Atlas: gridded tree-ring reconstructions of moisture variability during the pre-Hispanic, colonial, and modern eras.," Quaternary Science Reviews, v.149, 2016, p. 34. doi:doi:10.1016/j.quascirev.2016.06.018

Stahle, D.W., Cook, E.R., Burnette, D.J., Villanueva, J., Cerano, J., Burns, J.N., Griffin, R.D., Cook, B.I., Acuna, R., Torbenson, M.C.A. and Sjezner, P.. "The Mexican drought atlas: tree-ring reconstructions of the soil moisture balance during the last pre-Hispanic, colonial, and modern eras.," Quaternary Science Reviews, v.149, 2016, p. 34.

Torbenson, M.C.A., Stahle, D.W., Villanueva Diaz, J., Cook, E.R. and Griffin, D.. "The relationship between earlywood and latewood tree-growth across North America," Tree-Ring Research, v.72, 2016, p. 53.

KEYWORDS

seasonal climate signals drought latewood width chronology tree rings earlywood width chronology

THEMES

Modeling and Adapting to Future Climate