Decarbonization of energy, manufacturing, transportation, agriculture and land use, the development of energy storage, negative emissions, energy savings.
Getting a more accurate estimate of what is likely or possible in future in terms of climate change and its consequences (e.g. sea level change), and adapting to the effects of climate change, extreme events and climate variability.
Responsible governance and use of, for example, the oceans, biosphere and natural resources.
Urbanization, sustainable development, investment, and management, circular economy, peace and security.
Relief and preparedness for natural disasters such as earthquakes, tsunamis and volcanic eruptions.
How Earth-like planets work and what is required for habitability.