Ann M Fridlind

Adjunct Research Scientist, Columbia Climate School

Physical Scientist, NASA Goddard Institute for Space Studies

2880 Broadway, Room 620
New York, NY 10025


Dr. Fridlind's studies of cloud microphysical properties and processes have concentrated at the intersection of detailed models and rich observational data sets, with an emphasis on aerosol-cloud interactions in ice-containing clouds that are most relevant to climate. Her studies have spanned mixed-phase stratiform clouds from Arctic to Antarctic, tropical to mid-latitude deep convection, mid-latitude continental cumulus and synoptic cirrus, and subtropical stratocumulus. She is a developer of ice microphysics schemes in the DHARMA large-eddy simulation code and, more recently, ice- and mixed-phase microphysics and macrophysics of stratiform clouds in the GISS ModelE3 Earth system model.


Tornow, F.A. S. AckermanA. M. Fridlindet al. G. TselioudisB. Cairns, D. Painemal, and G. Elsaesser. 2023. On the impact of a dry intrusion driving cloud-regime transitions in a midlatitude cold-air outbreak Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences [10.1175/jas-d-23-0040.1]

Knopf, D. A., I. Silber, N. Riemer, A. M. Fridlind, and A. S. Ackerman. 2023. A 1D Model for Nucleation of Ice From Aerosol Particles: An Application to a Mixed‐Phase Arctic Stratus Cloud Layer Journal of Advances in Modeling Earth Systems 15 (10): [10.1029/2023ms003663]

Stanford, M. W.A. M. FridlindI. Silberet al. A. S. Ackerman, G. Cesana, J. Mülmenstädt, A. Protat, S. Alexander, and A. McDonald. 2023. Earth-system-model evaluation of cloud and precipitation occurrence for supercooled and warm clouds over the Southern Ocean's Macquarie Island Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics 23 (16): 9037-9069 [10.5194/acp-23-9037-2023]

Tridon, F., I. Silber, A. Battaglia, et al. S. Kneifel, A. Fridlind, P. Kalogeras, and R. Dhillon. 2022. Highly supercooled riming and unusual triple-frequency radar signatures over McMurdo Station, Antarctica Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics 22 (18): 12467-12491 [10.5194/acp-22-12467-2022]

Diamond, M. S., P. E. Saide, P. Zuidema, et al. A. S. Ackerman, S. J. Doherty, A. M. Fridlind, H. Gordon, C. Howes, J. Kazil, T. Yamaguchi, J. Zhang, G. Feingold, and R. Wood. 2022. Cloud adjustments from large-scale smoke–circulation interactions strongly modulate the southeastern Atlantic stratocumulus-to-cumulus transition Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics 22 (18): 12113-12151 [10.5194/acp-22-12113-2022]

Tornow, F.A. S. AckermanA. M. Fridlindet al. B. Cairns, E. C. Crosbie, S. Kirschler, R. H. Moore, D. Painemal, C. E. Robinson, C. Seethala, M. A. Shook, C. Voigt, E. L. Winstead, L. D. Ziemba, P. Zuidema, and A. Sorooshian. 2022. Dilution of Boundary Layer Cloud Condensation Nucleus Concentrations by Free Tropospheric Entrainment During Marine Cold Air Outbreaks Geophysical Research Letters 49 (11): [10.1029/2022gl098444]

Silber, I., R. C. Jackson, A. M. Fridlindet al. A. S. Ackerman, S. Collis, J. Verlinde, and J. Ding. 2022. The Earth Model Column Collaboratory (EMC2) v1.1: An open-source ground-based lidar and radar instrument simulator and subcolumn generator for large-scale models Geoscientific Model Development 15 (2): 901-927 [10.5194/gmd-15-901-2022]

Hernandez-Deckers, D., T. Matsui, and A. M. Fridlind. 2022. Updraft dynamics and microphysics: on the added value of the cumulus thermal reference frame in simulations of aerosol–deep convection interactions Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics 22 (2): 711-724 [10.5194/acp-22-711-2022]

Cesana, G. V., A. S. AckermanA. M. Fridlind, I. Silber, and M. Kelley. 2021. Snow Reconciles Observed and Simulated Phase Partitioning and Increases Cloud Feedback Geophysical Research Letters 48 (20): [10.1029/2021gl094876]

Knopf, D. A., K. R. Barry, T. A. Brubaker, et al. L. G. Jahl, K. A. Jankowski, J. Li, Y. Lu, L. W. Monroe, K. A. Moore, F. A. Rivera-Adorno, K. A. Sauceda, Y. Shi, J. M. Tomlin, H. S. Vepuri, P. Wang, N. N. Lata, E. J. Levin, J. M. Creamean, T. C. Hill, S. China, P. A. Alpert, R. C. Moffet, N. Hiranuma, R. C. Sullivan, A. M. Fridlind, M. West, N. Riemer, A. Laskin, P. J. DeMott, and X. Liu. 2021. Aerosol–Ice Formation Closure: A Southern Great Plains Field Campaign Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society 102 (10): E1952-E1971 [10.1175/bams-d-20-0151.1]

Tornow, F.A. S. Ackerman, and A. M. Fridlind. 2021. Preconditioning of overcast-to-broken cloud transitions by riming in marine cold air outbreaks Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics 21 (15): 12049-12067 [10.5194/acp-21-12049-2021]

Silber, I., A. M. Fridlind, J. Verlinde, et al. A. S. Ackerman, G. V. Cesana, and D. A. Knopf. 2021. The prevalence of precipitation from polar supercooled clouds Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics 21 (5): 3949-3971 [10.5194/acp-21-3949-2021]

Lee, H., A. M. Fridlind, and A. S. Ackerman. 2021. An evaluation of size-resolved cloud microphysics scheme numerics for use with radar observations Part II: Condensation and evaporation Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences [10.1175/jas-d-20-0213.1]

Redemann, J., R. Wood, P. Zuidema, et al. S. J. Doherty, B. Luna, S. E. LeBlanc, M. S. Diamond, Y. Shinozuka, I. Y. Chang, R. Ueyama, L. Pfister, J.-M. Ryoo, A. N. Dobracki, A. M. da Silva, K. M. Longo, M. S. Kacenelenbogen, C. J. Flynn, K. Pistone, N. M. Knox, S. J. Piketh, J. M. Haywood, P. Formenti, M. Mallet, P. Stier, A. S. AckermanS. E. BauerA. M. Fridlind, G. R. Carmichael, P. E. Saide, G. A. Ferrada, S. G. Howell, S. Freitag, B. CairnsB. N. HolbenK. D. Knobelspiesse, S. Tanelli, T. S. L'Ecuyer, A. M. Dzambo, O. O. Sy, G. M. McFarquhar, M. R. Poellot, S. Gupta, J. R. O'Brien, A. Nenes, M. E. Kacarab, J. P. Wong, J. D. Small-Griswold, K. L. Thornhill, D. Noone, J. R. Podolske, K. S. Schmidt, P. Pilewskie, H. Chen, S. P. Cochrane, A. J. Sedlacek, T. J. Lang, E. Stith, M. Segal-Rozenhaimer, R. A. Ferrare, S. P. Burton, C. A. Hostetler, D. J. Diner, S. E. Platnick, J. S. Myers, K. G. Meyer, D. A. Spangenberg, H. Maring, and L. Gao. 2021. An overview of the ORACLES (ObseRvations of Aerosols above CLouds and their intEractionS) project: aerosol-cloud-radiation interactions in the Southeast Atlantic basin Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics [10.5194/acp-21-1507-2021]

Inoue, K., M. Biasutti, and A. M. Fridlind. 2021. Evidence that Horizontal Moisture Advection Regulates the Ubiquitous Amplification of Rainfall Variability over Tropical Oceans Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences 78 (2): 529-547 [10.1175/jas-d-20-0201.1]

Marinescu, P. J., S. C. van den Heever, M. Heikenfeld, et al. A. I. Barrett, C. Barthlott, C. Hoose, J. Fan, A. M. FridlindT. Matsui, A. K. Miltenberger, P. Stier, B. Vie, B. A. White, and Y. Zhang. 2021. Impacts of Varying Concentrations of Cloud Condensation Nuclei On Deep Convective Cloud Updrafts – A Multimodel Assessment Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences [10.1175/jas-d-20-0200.1]

Quaas, J., A. Arola, B. Cairnset al. M. Christensen, H. Deneke, A. M. Ekman, G. Feingold, A. M. Fridlind, E. Gryspeerdt, O. Hasekamp, Z. Li, A. Lipponen, P.-L. Ma, J. Mülmenstädt, A. Nenes, J. E. Penner, D. Rosenfeld, R. Schrödner, K. Sinclair, O. Sourdeval, P. Stier, M. Tesche, B. van Diedenhoven, and M. Wendisch. 2020. Constraining the Twomey effect from satellite observations: issues and perspectives Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics 20 (23): 15079-15099 [10.5194/acp-20-15079-2020]

Somses, S., M.-J. M. Bopape, T. Ndarana, et al. A. FridlindT. Matsui, E. Phaduli, A. Limbo, S. Maikhudumu, R. Maisha, and E. Rakate. 2020. Convection Parametrization and Multi-Nesting Dependence of a Heavy Rainfall Event over Namibia with Weather Research and Forecasting (WRF) Model Climate 8 (10): 112 [10.3390/cli8100112]

Morrison, H., M. Lier‐Walqui, A. M. Fridlindet al. W. W. Grabowski, J. Y. Harrington, C. Hoose, A. Korolev, M. R. Kumjian, J. A. Milbrandt, H. Pawlowska, D. J. Posselt, O. P. Prat, K. J. Reimel, S. Shima, B. Diedenhoven, and L. Xue. 2020. Confronting the Challenge of Modeling Cloud and Precipitation Microphysics Journal of Advances in Modeling Earth Systems 12 (8): [10.1029/2019ms001689]

Cheng, Y.V. M. Canuto, A. M. Howard, et al. A. S. AckermanM. KelleyA. M. FridlindG. A. Schmidt, M. S. Yao, A. Del Genio, and G. S. Elsaesser. 2020. A Second-Order Closure Turbulence Model: New Heat Flux Equations and No Critical Richardson Number Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences 77 (8): 2743-2759 [10.1175/jas-d-19-0240.1]

Molongwane, C., M.-J. M. Bopape, A. Fridlindet al. T. Motshegwa, T. Matsui, E. Phaduli, B. Sehurutshi, and R. Maisha. 2020. Sensitivity of Botswana Ex-Tropical Cyclone Dineo rainfall simulations to cloud microphysics scheme AAS Open Research 3 30 [10.12688/aasopenres.13062.1]

Lubin, D., D. Zhang, I. Silberet al. R. C. Scott, P. Kalogeras, A. Battaglia, D. H. Bromwich, M. Cadeddu, E. Eloranta, A. Fridlind, A. Frossard, K. M. Hines, S. Kneifel, W. R. Leaitch, W. Lin, J. Nicolas, H. Powers, P. K. Quinn, P. Rowe, L. M. Russell, S. Sharma, J. Verlinde, and A. M. Vogelmann. 2020. AWARE: The Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) West Antarctic Radiation Experiment Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society 101 (7): E1069-E1091 [10.1175/bams-d-18-0278.1]

Alexandrov, M. D.D. J. Miller, C. Rajapakshe, et al. A. Fridlind, B. van Diedenhoven, B. CairnsA. S. Ackerman, and Z. Zhang. 2020. Vertical profiles of droplet size distributions derived from cloud-side observations by the research scanning polarimeter: Tests on simulated data Atmospheric Research 239 104924 [10.1016/j.atmosres.2020.104924]

Silber, I.A. M. Fridlind, J. Verlinde, L. M. Russell, and A. S. Ackerman. 2020. Nonturbulent Liquid‐Bearing Polar Clouds: Observed Frequency of Occurrence and Simulated Sensitivity to Gravity Waves Geophysical Research Letters 47 (10): [10.1029/2020gl087099]

Van Diedenhoven, B., A. S. AckermanA. M. FridlindB. Cairns, and J. Riedi. 2020. Global Statistics of Ice Microphysical and Optical Properties at Tops of Optically Thick Ice Clouds Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres 125 (6): e2019JD031811 [10.1029/2019jd031811]

Korolev, A., I. Heckman, M. Wolde, et al. A. S. AckermanA. M. Fridlind, L. A. Ladino, R. P. Lawson, J. Milbrandt, and E. Williams. 2020. A new look at the environmental conditions favorable to secondary ice production Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics 20 (3): 1391-1429 [10.5194/acp-20-1391-2020]

Silber, I., J. Verlinde, S.-H. Wang, et al. D. H. Bromwich, A. M. Fridlind, M. Cadeddu, E. W. Eloranta, and C. J. Flynn. 2019. Cloud Influence on ERA5 and AMPS Surface Downwelling Longwave Radiation Biases in West Antarctica Journal of Climate 32 (22): 7935-7949 [10.1175/jcli-d-19-0149.1]

Silber, I., A. M. Fridlind, J. Verlinde, et al. A. S. Ackerman, Y. Chen, D. H. Bromwich, S. Wang, M. Cadeddu, and E. W. Eloranta. 2019. Persistent Supercooled Drizzle at Temperatures Below −25 °C Observed at McMurdo Station, Antarctica Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres 124 (20): 10878-10895 [10.1029/2019jd030882]

Fridlind, A. M.M. van Lier-Walqui, S. Collis, et al. S. E. Giangrande, R. C. Jackson, X. LiT. Matsui, R. Orville, M. H. Picel, D. Rosenfeld, A. Ryzhkov, R. Weitz, and P. Zhang. 2019. Use of polarimetric radar measurements to constrain simulated convective cell evolution: a pilot study with Lagrangian tracking Atmospheric Measurement Techniques 12 (6): 2979-3000 [10.5194/amt-12-2979-2019]

Cesana, G., A. D. Del Genio, A. S. Ackermanet al. M. Kelley, G. ElsaesserA. M. Fridlind, Y. Cheng, and M.-S. Yao. 2019. Evaluating models' response of tropical low clouds to SST forcings using CALIPSO observations Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics 19 (5): 2813-2832 [10.5194/acp-19-2813-2019]

Lee, H., A. M. Fridlind, and A. S. Ackerman. 2019. An Evaluation of Size-Resolved Cloud Microphysics Scheme Numerics for Use with Radar Observations. Part I: Collision–Coalescence Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences 76 (1): 247-263 [10.1175/jas-d-18-0174.1]

Lamer, K., A. M. FridlindA. S. Ackermanet al. P. Kollias, E. E. Clothiaux, and M. Kelley. 2018. (GO)<sup>2</sup>-SIM: a GCM-oriented ground-observation forward-simulator framework for objective evaluation of cloud and precipitation phase Geoscientific Model Development 11 (10): 4195-4214 [10.5194/gmd-11-4195-2018]

Chen, Y.-S., J. Verlinde, E. E. Clothiaux, et al. A. S. AckermanA. M. Fridlind, M. Chamecki, P. Kollias, M. P. Kirkpatrick, B.-C. Chen, G. Yu, and A. Avramov. 2018. On the Forward Modeling of Radar Doppler Spectrum Width From LES: Implications for Model Evaluation Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres 123 (14): 7444-7461 [10.1029/2017jd028104]

Grosvenor, D. P., O. Sourdeval, P. Zuidema, et al. A. AckermanM. D. Alexandrov, R. Bennartz, R. Boers, B. Cairns, J. C. Chiu, M. Christensen, H. Deneke, M. Diamond, G. Feingold, A. Fridlind, A. Hünerbein, C. Knist, P. Kollias, A. Marshak, D. McCoy, D. Merk, D. Painemal, J. Rausch, D. Rosenfeld, H. Russchenberg, P. Seifert, K. Sinclair, P. Stier, B. van Diedenhoven, M. Wendisch, F. Werner, R. Wood, Z. Zhang, and J. Quaas. 2018. Remote Sensing of Droplet Number Concentration in Warm Clouds: A Review of the Current State of Knowledge and Perspectives Reviews of Geophysics 56 (2): 409-453 [10.1029/2017rg000593]

Zhou, X., A. S. AckermanA. M. Fridlind, and P. Kollias. 2018. Simulation of mesoscale cellular convection in marine stratocumulus. Part I: Drizzling conditions Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences JAS-D-17-0070.1 [10.1175/jas-d-17-0070.1]

Fridlind, A. M., and A. S. Ackerman. 2018. Simulations of Arctic Mixed-Phase Boundary Layer Clouds: Advances in Understanding and Outstanding Questions Mixed-Phase Clouds 153-183 [10.1016/b978-0-12-810549-8.00007-6]

Rémillard, J.A. M. FridlindA. S. Ackermanet al. G. Tselioudis, P. Kollias, D. B. Mechem, H. E. Chandler, E. Luke, R. Wood, M. K. Witte, P. Y. Chuang, and J. K. Ayers. 2017. Use of Cloud Radar Doppler Spectra to Evaluate Stratocumulus Drizzle Size Distributions in Large-Eddy Simulations with Size-Resolved Microphysics Journal of Applied Meteorology and Climatology 56 (12): 3263-3283 [10.1175/jamc-d-17-0100.1]

Zhou, X., A. S. AckermanA. M. Fridlind, R. Wood, and P. Kollias. 2017. Impacts of solar-absorbing aerosol layers on the transition of stratocumulus to trade cumulus clouds Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics 17 (20): 12725-12742 [10.5194/acp-17-12725-2017]

Fridlind, A. M.X. Li, D. Wu, et al. M. van Lier-WalquiA. S. AckermanW.-K. Tao, G. M. McFarquhar, W. Wu, X. Dong, J. Wang, A. Ryzhkov, P. Zhang, M. R. Poellot, A. Neumann, and J. M. Tomlinson. 2017. Derivation of aerosol profiles for MC3E convection studies and use in simulations of the 20 May squall line case Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics 17 (9): 5947-5972 [10.5194/acp-17-5947-2017]

Ladino, L. A., A. Korolev, I. Heckman, et al. M. Wolde, A. M. Fridlind, and A. S. Ackerman. 2017. On the role of ice-nucleating aerosol in the formation of ice particles in tropical mesoscale convective systems Geophysical Research Letters 44 (3): 1574-1582 [10.1002/2016gl072455]

Wood, R., M. P. Jensen, J. Wang, et al. C. S. Bretherton, S. M. Burrows, A. D. Del Genio, A. M. Fridlind, S. J. Ghan, V. P. Ghate, P. Kollias, S. K. Krueger, R. L. McGraw, M. A. Miller, D. Painemal, L. M. Russell, S. E. Yuter, and P. Zuidema. 2016. Planning the next decade of coordinated research to better understand and simulate marine low clouds Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society 97 (9): 1699-1702 [10.1175/bams-d-16-0160.1]

Krueger, S. K., H. Morrison, and A. M. Fridlind. 2016. Cloud-resolving modeling: ARM and the GCSS story Meteorological Monographs 57 25.1-25.16 [10.1175/amsmonographs-d-15-0047.1]

Fridlind, A. M., R. Atlas, B. van Diedenhoven, et al. J. Um, G. M. McFarquhar, A. S. Ackerman, E. J. Moyer, and R. P. Lawson. 2016. Derivation of physical and optical properties of mid-latitude cirrus ice crystals for a size-resolved cloud microphysics model Atmos. Chem. Phys. 16 (11): 7251-7283 [10.5194/acp-16-7251-2016]

van Diedenhoven, B., A. M. FridlindB. CairnsA. S. Ackerman, and J. E. Yorks. 2016. Vertical variation of ice particle size in convective cloud tops Geophysical Research Letters 43 (9): 4586-4593 [10.1002/2016gl068548]

Tao, W.-K., D. Wu, S. Langet al. J.-D. ChernC. Peters-LidardA. Fridlind, and T. Matsui. 2016. High-resolution NU-WRF simulations of a deep convective-precipitation system during MC3E: Further improvements and comparisons between Goddard microphysics schemes and observations J. Geophys. Res. Atmos. 121 (3): 1278-1305 [10.1002/2015jd023986]

van Lier-Walqui, M.A. M. FridlindA. S. Ackermanet al. S. Collis, J. Helmus, D. R. MacGorman, K. North, P. Kollias, and D. J. Posselt. 2016. On polarimetric radar signatures of deep convection for model evaluation: Columns of specific differential phase observed during MC3E* Monthly Weather Review 144 (2): 737-758 [10.1175/mwr-d-15-0100.1]

van Diedenhoven, B., A. S. AckermanA. M. Fridlind, and B. Cairns. 2016. On averaging aspect ratios and distortion parameters over ice crystal population ensembles for estimating effective scattering asymmetry parameters Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences 73 (2): 775-787 [10.1175/jas-d-15-0150.1]

Wang, S., A. H. Sobel, A. Fridlindet al. Z. Feng, J. M. Comstock, P. Minnis, and M. L. Nordeen. 2015. Simulations of cloud-radiation interaction using large-scale forcing derived from the CINDY/DYNAMO northern sounding array Journal of Advances in Modeling Earth Systems 7 (3): 1472-1498 [10.1002/2015ms000461]

Endo, S., A. M. Fridlind, W. Lin, et al. A. M. Vogelmann, T. Toto, A. S. Ackerman, G. M. McFarquhar, R. C. Jackson, H. H. Jonsson, and Y. Liu. 2015. RACORO continental boundary layer cloud investigations: 2. Large-eddy simulations of cumulus clouds and evaluation with in situ and ground-based observations J. Geophys. Res. Atmos. 120 (12): 5993-6014 [10.1002/2014jd022525]

Vogelmann, A. M., A. M. Fridlind, T. Toto, et al. S. Endo, W. Lin, J. Wang, S. Feng, Y. Zhang, D. D. Turner, Y. Liu, Z. Li, S. Xie, A. S. Ackerman, M. Zhang, and M. Khairoutdinov. 2015. RACORO continental boundary layer cloud investigations: 1. Case study development and ensemble large-scale forcings J. Geophys. Res. Atmos. 120 (12): 5962-5992 [10.1002/2014jd022713]

Lin, W., Y. Liu, A. M. Vogelmann, et al. A. Fridlind, S. Endo, H. Song, S. Feng, T. Toto, Z. Li, and M. Zhang. 2015. RACORO continental boundary layer cloud investigations: 3. Separation of parameterization biases single-column model CAM5 simulations of shallow cumulus J. Geophys. Res. Atmos. 120 (12): 6015-6033 [10.1002/2014jd022524]

Smith Mrowiec, A. A., O. M. Pauluis, A. M. Fridlind, and A. S. Ackerman. 2015. Properties of a mesoscale convective system in the context of an isentropic analysis J. Atmos. Sci. 72 (5): 1945-1962 [10.1175/JAS-D-14-0139.1]

Jackson, R. C., G. M. McFarquhar, A. Fridlind, and R. Atlas. 2015. The dependence of cirrus gamma size distributions expressed as volumes in N0-lambda-mu phase space and bulk cloud properties on environmental conditions: Results from Small Ice Particles in Cirrus Experiment (SPARTICUS) J. Geophys. Res. Atmos. 120 (19): 10351-10377 [doi:10.1002/2015JD023492]

Ackerman, A. S.A. M. Fridlind, A. Grandlin, et al. F. Dezitter, M. Weber, J. W. Strapp, and A. Korolev. 2015. High ice water content at low radar reflectivity near deep convection -- Part 2. Evaluation of microphysical pathways in updraft parcel simulations Atmos. Chem. Phys. 15 11729-11751 [10.5194/acp-15-11729-2015]

Fridlind, A. M.A. S. Ackerman, A. Grandlin, et al. F. Dezitter, M. Weber, J. W. Strapp, and A. Korolev. 2015. High ice water content at low radar reflectivity near deep convection -- Part 1. Consistency of in situ and remote-sensing observations with stratiform rain column simulations Atmos. Chem. Phys. 15 11713-11728 [10.5194/acp-15-11713-2015]

van Diedenhoven, B., A. M. FridlindB. Cairns, and A. S. Ackerman. 2014. Variation of ice crystal size, shape and asymmetry parameter in tops of tropical deep convective clouds J. Geophys. Res. Atmos. 119 (20): 11809-11825 [doi:10.1002/2014JD022385]

Petch, J., A. Hill, L. Davies, et al. A. Fridlind, C. Jakob, Y. Lin, S. Xie, and P. Zhu. 2014. Evaluation of intercomparisons of four different types of model simulating TWP-ICE Q.J.R. Meteorol. Soc. 140 (680): 826-837 [10.1002/qj.2192]

Van Diedenhoven, B., A. S. AckermanB. Cairns, and A. M. Fridlind. 2014. A Flexible Parameterization for Shortwave Optical Properties of Ice Crystals J. Atmos. Sci. 71 (5): 1763-1782 [10.1175/JAS-D-13-0205.1]

Ovchinnikov, M., A. S. Ackerman, A. Avramov, et al. A. Cheng, J. Fan, A. M. Fridlind, S. Ghan, J. Harrington, C. Hoose, A. Korolev, G. M. McFarquhar, H. Morrison, M. Paukert, J. Savre, B. J. Shipway, M. D. Shupe, A. Solomon, and K. Sulia. 2014. Intercomparison of large-eddy simulations of Arctic mixed-phase clouds: Importance of ice size distribution assumptions J. Adv. Model. Earth Syst. 6 (1): 223-248 [10.1002/2013MS000282]

Rio, C., J.-Y. Grandpeix, F. Hourdin, et al. F. Guichard, F. Couvreux, J.-P. Lafore, A. Fridlind, A. Mrowiec, S. Bony, N. Rochetin, R. Roehrig, A. Idelkadi, M.-P. Lefebvre, and I. Musat. 2013. Control of deep convection by sub-cloud lifting processes: the ALP closure in the LMDZ5B general circulation model Clim Dyn 40 (9-10): 2271-2292 [10.1007/s00382-012-1506-x]

van Diedenhoven, B., B. CairnsA. M. FridlindA. S. Ackerman, and T. J. Garrett. 2013. Remote sensing of ice crystal asymmetry parameter using multi-directional polarization measurements – Part 2: Application to the Research Scanning Polarimeter Atmos. Chem. Phys. 13 (6): 3185-3203 [10.5194/acp-13-3185-2013]

Hallar, A. G., J. A. Huffman, and A. Fridlind. 2012. Biological aerosol effects on clouds and precipitation Eos, Transactions American Geophysical Union 93 (51): 539-539 [10.1029/2012eo510011]

van Diedenhoven, B., A. M. FridlindA. S. Ackerman, and B. Cairns. 2012. Evaluation of Hydrometeor Phase and Ice Properties in Cloud-Resolving Model Simulations of Tropical Deep Convection Using Radiance and Polarization Measurements J Atmos Sci 69 (11): 3290-3314 [10.1175/JAS-D-11-0314.1]

Zhu, P., J. Dudhia, P. Field, et al. K. Wapler, A. Fridlind, A. Varble, E. Zipser, J. Petch, M. Chen, and Z. Zhu. 2012. A limited area model (LAM) intercomparison study of a TWP-ICE active monsoon mesoscale convective event J. Geophys. Res. 117 (D11): D11208 [10.1029/2011JD016447]

van Diedenhoven, B., B. CairnsI. V. Geogdzhayevet al. A. M. FridlindA. S. Ackerman, P. Yang, and B. A. Baum. 2012. Remote sensing of ice crystal asymmetry parameter using multi-directional polarization measurements. Part I: Methodology and evaluation with simulated measurements Atmos Meas Tech 5 (10): 2361-2374 [10.5194/amt-5-2361-2012]

Smith Mrowiec, A. A., C. Rio, A. M. Fridlindet al. A. S. Ackerman, A. Del Genio, O. M. Pauluis, A. C. Varble, and J. Fan. 2012. Analysis of cloud-resolving simulations of a tropical mesoscale convective system observed during TWP-ICE: Vertical fluxes and draft properties in convective and stratiform regions J Geophys Res 117 (D19): D19201 [10.1029/2012JD017759]

Fridlind, A. M., B. van Diedenhoven, A. S. Ackermanet al. A. Avramov, A. Mrowiec, H. Morrison, P. Zuidema, and M. D. Shupe. 2012. A FIRE-ACE/SHEBA Case Study of Mixed-Phase Arctic Boundary Layer Clouds: Entrainment Rate Limitations on Rapid Primary Ice Nucleation Processes J Atmos Sci 69 (1): 365-389 [10.1175/JAS-D-11-052.1]

Fridlind, A. M.A. S. Ackerman, J. P. Chaboureau, et al. J. Fan, W. W. Grabowski, A. Hill, T. R. Jones, M. M. Khaiyer, G. Liu, P. Minnis, H. Morrison, L. Nguyen, S. Park, J. C. Petch, J. P. Pinty, C. Schumacher, B. Shipway, A. C. Varble, X. Wu, S. Xie, and M. Zhang. 2012. A comparison of TWP-ICE observational data with cloud-resolving model results J. Geophys. Res. 117 (D5): D05204 [10.1029/2011JD016595]

Varble, A., A. Fridlind, E. Zipser, et al. A. Ackerman, J. Chaboureau, J. Fan, A. Hill, S. McFarlane, J. Pinty, and B. Shipway. 2011. Evaluation of cloud-resolving model intercomparison simulations using TWP-ICE observations: Precipitation and cloud structure J Geophys Res 116 (D12): D12206 [10.1029/2010JD015180]

van Diedenhoven, B., A. M. Fridlind, and A. S. Ackerman. 2011. Influence of Humidified Aerosol on Lidar Depolarization Measurements below Ice-Precipitating Arctic Stratus Journal of Applied Meteorology and Climatology 50 (10): 2184-2192 [10.1175/JAMC-D-11-037.1]

Morrison, H., P. Zuidema, A. S. Ackermanet al. A. Avramov, G. de Boer, J. Fan, A. M. Fridlind, T. Hashino, J. Y. Harrington, Y. Luo, M. Ovchinnikov, and B. Shipway. 2011. Intercomparison of cloud model simulations of Arctic mixed-phase boundary layer clouds observed during SHEBA/FIRE-ACE J Adv Model Earth Syst 3 (2): M06003 [10.1029/2011MS000066]

Fridlind, A. M., and A. S. Ackerman. 2011. Estimating the Sensitivity of Radiative Impacts of Shallow, Broken Marine Clouds to Boundary Layer Aerosol Size Distribution Parameter Uncertainties for Evaluation of Satellite Retrieval Requirements Journal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology 28 (4): 530-538 [10.1175/2010JTECHA1520.1]

Botta, G., K. Aydin, J. Verlinde, et al. A. E. Avramov, A. S. AckermanA. M. Fridlind, G. M. McFarquhar, and M. Wolde. 2011. Millimeter wave scattering from ice crystals and their aggregates: Comparing cloud model simulations with X- and Ka-band radar measurements J. Geophys. Res. 116 D00T04 [10.1029/2011JD015909]

Avramov, A., A. S. AckermanA. M. Fridlindet al. B. Van Diedenhoven, G. Botta, K. Aydin, J. Verlinde, A. V. Korolev, W. Strapp, G. M. McFarquhar, R. Jackson, S. D. Brooks, A. Glen, and M. Wolde. 2011. Toward ice formation closure in Arctic mixed-phase boundary layer clouds during ISDAC J. Geophys. Res. 116 D00T08 [10.1029/2011JD015910]

van Diedenhoven, B., A. M. FridlindA. S. Ackerman, E. W. Eloranta, and G. M. McFarquhar. 2009. An evaluation of ice formation in large-eddy simulations of supercooled Arctic stratocumulus using ground-based lidar and cloud radar J. Geophys. Res. 114 (D10): D10203 [10.1029/2008JD011198]

Klein, S. A., R. B. McCoy, H. Morrison, et al. A. S. Ackerman, A. Avramov, G. de Boer, M. Chen, J. N. Cole, A. D. Del Genio, M. Falk, M. J. Foster, A. M. Fridlind, J. C. Golaz, T. Hashino, J. Y. Harrington, C. Hoose, M. F. Khairoutdinov, V. E. Larson, X. Liu, Y. Luo, G. M. McFarquhar, S. Menon, R. A. Neggers, S. Park, M. R. Poellot, J. M. Schmidt, I. Sednev, B. J. Shipway, M. D. Shupe, D. A. Spangenberg, Y. C. Sud, D. D. Turner, D. E. Veron, K. von Salzen, G. K. Walker, Z. Wang, A. B. Wolf, S. Xie, X. M. Xu, F. Yang, and G. Zhang. 2009. Intercomparison of model simulations of mixed-phase clouds observed during the ARM Mixed-Phase Arctic Cloud Experiment. I: single-layer cloud Q.J.R. Meteorol. Soc. 135 (641): 979-1002 [10.1002/qj.416]

Sayres, D. S., J. B. Smith, J. V. Pittman, et al. E. M. Weinstock, J. G. Anderson, G. Heymsfield, L. Li, A. M. Fridlind, and A. S. Ackerman. 2008. Validation and determination of ice water content-radar reflectivity relationships during CRYSTAL-FACE: Flight requirements for future comparisons J. Geophys. Res. 113 (D5): D05208 [10.1029/2007JD008847]

Quinn, P. K., T. S. Bates, E. Baum, et al. N. Doubleday, A. M. Fiore, M. Flanner, A. Fridlind, T. J. Garrett, D. Koch, S. Menon, D. Shindell, A. Stohl, and S. G. Warren. 2008. Short-lived pollutants in the Arctic: their climate impact and possible mitigation strategies Atmos. Chem. Phys. 8 (6): 1723-1735 [10.5194/acp-8-1723-2008]

Barth, M. C., S.-W. Kim, C. Wang, et al. K. E. PickeringL. E. Ott, G. Stenchikov, M. Leriche, S. Cautenet, J.-P. Pinty, C. Barthe, C. Mari, J. Helsdon, R. Farley, A. M. FridlindA. S. Ackerman, V. Spiridonov, and B. Telenta. 2007. Cloud-scale model intercomparison of chemical constituent transport in deep convection Atmos Chem Phys 7 4709-4731 [10.5194/acp-7-4709-2007]

McFarquhar, G. M., G. Zhang, M. R. Poellot, et al. G. L. Kok, R. McCoy, T. Tooman, A. Fridlind, and A. J. Heymsfield. 2007. Ice properties of single-layer stratocumulus during the Mixed-Phase Arctic Cloud Experiment: 1. Observations J. Geophys. Res. 112 (D24): D24201 [10.1029/2007JD008633]

Fridlind, A. M.A. S. Ackerman, G. McFarquhar, et al. G. Zhang, M. R. Poellot, P. J. DeMott, A. J. Prenni, and A. J. Heymsfield. 2007. Ice properties of single-layer stratocumulus during the Mixed-Phase Arctic Cloud Experiment: 2. Model results J. Geophys. Res. 112 (D24): D24202 [10.1029/2007JD008646]

Lopez, J. P., A. M. Fridlind, H. Jost, et al. M. Loewenstein, A. S. Ackerman, T. L. Campos, E. M. Weinstock, D. S. Sayres, J. B. Smith, J. V. Pittman, A. G. Hallar, L. M. Avallone, S. M. Davis, and R. L. Herman. 2006. CO signatures in subtropical convective clouds and anvils during CRYSTAL-FACE: An analysis of convective transport and entrainment using observations and a cloud-resolving model J. Geophys. Res. 111 (D9): D09305 [10.1029/2005JD006104]

Jensen, E. J., J. B. Smith, L. Pfister, et al. J. V. Pittman, E. M. Weinstock, D. S. Sayres, R. L. Herman, R. F. Troy, K. Rosenlof, T. L. Thompson, A. M. Fridlind, P. K. Hudson, D. J. Cziczo, A. J. Heymsfield, C. Schmitt, and J. C. Wilson. 2005. Ice supersaturations exceeding 100% at the cold tropical tropopause: implications for cirrus formation and dehydration Atmos. Chem. Phys. 5 (3): 851-862 [10.5194/acp-5-851-2005]

Heymsfield, A. J., L. M. Miloshevich, C. Schmitt, et al. A. Bansemer, C. Twohy, M. R. Peollot, A. Fridlind, and H. Gerber. 2005. Homogeneous Ice Nucleation in Subtropical and Tropical Convection and Its Influence on Cirrus Anvil Microphysics J Atmos Sci 62 (1): 41-64 [10.1175/JAS-3360.1]

Xueref, I., C. Cerbig, A. Fridlindet al. J. C. Lin, S. C. Wofsy, B. C. Daube, A. S. Ackerman, J. E. Smith, D. Sayres, J. Vellovic, D. G. Baumgardner, D. Wang, E. Weinstock, A. E. Andrews, E. W. Gottlieb, and J. G. Anderson. 2004. Combining a receptor-oriented framework for tracer distributions with a cloud-resolving model to study transport in deep convective clouds: Application to the NASA CRYSTAL-FACE campaign Geophys Res Lett 31 (14): L14106 [10.1029/2004GL019811]

Fridlind, A. M., and M. Z. Jacobson. 2003. Point and column aerosol radiative closure during ACE 1: Effects of particle shape and size J. Geophys. Res. 108 (D3): 4094 [10.1029/2001JD001553]

Fridlind, A. M., M. Z. Jacobson, V. Kerminen, et al. R. E. Hillamo, V. Ricard, and J. Jaffrezo. 2000. Analysis of gas-aerosol partitioning in the Arctic: Comparison of size-resolved equilibrium model results with field data J. Geophys. Res. 105 (D15): 19891-19904 [10.1029/2000JD900257]

Fridlind, A. M., and M. Z. Jacobson. 2000. A study of gas-aerosol equilibrium and aerosol pH in the remote marine boundary layer during the First Aerosol Characterization Experiment (ACE 1) J. Geophys. Res. 105 (D13): 17325-17340 [10.1029/2000JD900209]