Dr. Mukund Palat Rao

Pronouns: he/him

Postdoctoral Research Scientist, Tree Ring Laboratory, Biology and Paleo Environment, Lamont-Doherty Earth Observatory (LDEO), Columbia Climate School

Marie Skłodowska Curie Fellow, CREAF, Barcelona, Spain

Tree Ring Laboratory, LDEO
61 Route 9W, P.O. 1000
Palisades, NY 10964


I am an Ecoclimatologist and Carbon Cycle Scientist. I received my PhD from Columbia University in 2020 following which I was a NOAA Climate & Global Change fellow at University of California Davis. I am currently a Marie Skłodowska Curie Fellow at the Center for Ecological Research and Forestry Applications (CREAF), Barcelona, Spain. My research aims to illuminate the future of ecosystems and the forest carbon cycle in a changing climate by drawing on my expertise in climate science, plant ecophysiology, dendrochronology, earth system models, and remote sensing. My research spans a broad array of spatial and temporal scales from cells to satellites and seconds to centuries. I am currently working on projects related to the role of tree growth in the forest carbon cycle, the vulnerability of forests to increasing heat waves, and the use of dendrochronology to understand past environmental change and timber transport.

A complete list of my publications can be found on Google Scholar.


Only select publications listed below
Name Published Date
A 300-year tree-ring δ18O-based precipitation reconstruction for the South American Altiplano highlights decadal hydroclimate teleconnections 2024
Past, present, and future of the South Asian monsoon 2024
Reconstruction of July-September standardized precipitation-evapotranspiration index (SPEI) for the Hindu Kush region of Northern Pakistan 2024
The biological basis for using optical signals to track evergreen needleleaf photosynthesis 2024
Tree ring derived summer temperature variability over the past millennium in the western Himalayas of northern Pakistan 2024
500-year reconstruction of Dez River discharge in southwestern Iran from tree rings 2023
Approaching a thermal tipping point in the Eurasian boreal forest at its southern margin 2023
A Spatiotemporal Assessment of Extreme Cold in Northwestern North America Following the Unidentified 1809 CE Volcanic Eruption 2023
Exploring the potential for a multi-decadal midsummer streamflow reconstruction of the upper Samalá river basin in Guatemala using an Abies guatemalensis tree-ring chronology 2023
How resilient are waterways of the Asian Himalayas? Finding adaptive measures for future sustainability 2023
The Longleaf Tree-Ring Network: Reviewing and expanding the utility of Pinus palustris Mill. Dendrochronological data 2023
Towards monitoring stem growth phenology from space with high resolution satellite data 2023
Dendrochronological dating and provenance determination of a 19th century whaler in Patagonia (Puerto Madryn, Argentina) 2022
Estimating return intervals for extreme climate conditions related to winter disasters and livestock mortality in Mongolia 2022
Hydroclimate and ENSO Variability Recorded by Oxygen Isotopes From Tree Rings in the South American Altiplano 2022
Megadroughts in the Common Era and the Anthropocene 2022
Unprecedented high Northern Australian streamflow linked to intensification of the Indo-Australian Monsoon 2022
Accelerated Recent Warming and Temperature Variability Over the Past Eight Centuries in the Central Asian Altai From Blue Intensity in Tree Rings 2021
Dendroarchaeological analysis of the Terminal Warehouse in New York City reveals a history of long-distance timber transport during the Gilded Age 2021
Different climate sensitivity for radial growth, but uniform for tree-ring stable isotopes along an aridity gradient in Polylepis tarapacana, the world’s highest elevation tree-species 2021
Last two millennia of streamflow variability in the headwater catchment of the Yellow River basin reconstructed from tree rings 2021
Placing the east-west North American aridity gradient in a multi-century context 2021
Hydroclimate variability and environmental change in Eurasia over the past millennium and its impacts 2020
Seven centuries of reconstructed Brahmaputra River discharge demonstrate underestimated high discharge and flood hazard frequency 2020
A double bootstrap approach to Superposed Epoch Analysis to evaluate response uncertainty 2019
Investigating the Causes of Increased Twentieth-Century Fall Precipitation over the Southeastern United States 2019
Socio-ecological Interactions in a Changing Climate: A Review of the Mongolian Pastoral System 2019
Six Centuries of Upper Indus Basin Streamflow Variability and Its Climatic Drivers 2018
Strip‐Bark Morphology and Radial Growth Trends in Ancient Pinus sibirica Trees From Central Mongolia 2018
Comparing proxy and model estimates of hydroclimate variability and change over the Common Era 2017
European and Mediterranean hydroclimate responses to tropical volcanic forcing over the last millennium 2017
Karakorum temperature out of phase with hemispheric trends for the past five centuries 2016
A long-term context (931–2005 C.E.) for rapid warming over Central Asia 2015
Dzuds, droughts, and livestock mortality in Mongolia 2015


A complete list of my publications can be found on Google Scholar.